Ovarian Cysts: Causes, Prevention & Treatment

Ovarian Cysts: Causes, Prevention & Treatment

Are you experiencing pelvic pain or nausea? Could it be ovarian cysts? How would you know and how can you treat or prevent them?  These are questions we often times get from patients, and wanted to help answer them now! Here are some of the details you need to know about ovarian cysts.

Question 1:  What are Ovarian Cysts?

Similar to a blister, ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs common among women during their reproductive years. Ovarian cysts can form on the ovaries. Most of the time, ovarian cysts are harmless and can go away without any treatment at all.

Question 2:  What Causes Ovarian Cysts?

Your ovaries main function is to produce an egg each month. During the ovulation process, a follicle (cyst-like structure) is formed inside the ovary. When the follicle is mature, it ruptures when an egg is released during ovulation. Next, a corpus leteum forms from the empty follicle, and if pregnancy doesn’t occur, the corpus luteum dissolves. Sometimes if this process doesn’t conclude appropriately, it can cause the most common type of ovarian cyst—a functional ovarian cyst.

Question 3:  What are the Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst?

Typically, ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms. If the cyst grows, symptoms may appear and include:

  • Pelvic pain before or during your menstrual cycle
  • Pain in the lower back or thighs
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Painful intercourse
  • Breast tenderness

Question 4:  How can I Treat an Ovarian Cyst?

Treatment of an ovarian cyst will depend on your age, the type and size of your cyst and your symptoms. Your doctor may suggest the following treatment options:

  • Birth control pills—taking birth control pills may reduce your chance of new cysts developing in the future
  • Laparoscopy—this minimally invasive procedure can remove the cyst by making a tiny incision near your navel and then inserting a small instrument into your abdomen to remove the cyst
  • Laparotomy—if you have a large cyst, it can be removed surgically through a large incision in your abdomen

Question 5:  How can I Prevent an Ovarian Cyst?

Staying on top of your routine gynecological examinations can detect ovarian cysts early. Be conscious of any changes in your monthly cycle and talk with your doctor about any changes that concern you.

Remember, if you experience any fullness, pressure or discomfort in your pelvic region, take action. If you think you may have ovarian cysts and are in pain, contact your doctor at My OBGyne. Our physicians will work with you one-on-one to make sure you understand all of the options available to you, and your best course of ovarian cyst treatment while protecting your future health.